Formwork

Formwork Construction Man-hour Norms

Specification NotesDescription UnitTradesman HoursLabourer Hours
 • Constants assume five uses of formwork.    
 • Where the number of uses is less, the constants should be adjusted by percentage shown:    
 Four uses Add+2.5% 
 Three uses Add+6.0% 
 Two uses Add+12.5% 
 One use Add+20.0% 
 • Rates include fabrication, fixing in place and striking.    
      
Formwork to sides of Surface FinishUnitTradesman HoursLabourer Hours
 Column/pier foundationsF1m21.20 
 Strip footingF1m21.20 
 Attached beamF4m22.45 
  F1m22.20 
 ColumnF4m22.90 
  F1m22.65 
 Lintels and beamsF4m23.50 
  F1m23.25 
 WallF4m22.60 
  F1m22.20 
Formwork to soffit of     
 Suspended slabF4m22.35 
  F1m22.00 
 Stairs and landingsF4m24.00 
  F1m23.50 
Formwork to edges, vertical or horizontal     
 0-100mm highF4m0.75 
 100-200mm highF4m0.75 
 200-300mm highF4m1.00 
 Form groove, 25mm x 25mm m0.130.04
 Form rebate, 100mm x 50mm m0.20.07
Form hole/opening in concrete 100/200mm thick, size:     
 100mm x 100mm No0.240.08
 300mm x 300mm No0.40.14
 500mm x 500mm No0.60.2
Form hole/opening in concrete 200/300mm thick, size:     
 100mm x 100mm No0.30.1
 300mm x 300mm No0.50.17
 500mm x 500mm No0.650.22
Tube formers, cardboard, including stripping     
 300mm ID m0.950.32
 500mm ID m1.150.38
Spirally wound plastic tube, including stripping     
 300mm ID m1.000.34
 500mm ID m1.200.4

Formwork Production Rates

Task / DescriptionSlow  Ave  Fast   Units
 Pilecaps, < 0.7m20.9 1.6 2.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, 0.7-2.5m21.6 2.0 2.3  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, 2.5-3.0m22.0 2.3 2.5  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, > 3.0m22.3 2.5 3.1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m21.1 1.7 1.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m21.7 1.8 2.5  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 1.5-3.0m21.8 2.5 2.6  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m22.5 2.6 3.5  m2/hr
 Elevated Plain Slab Soffit0.6 0.8 1.2  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 100-200mm0.9 1.0 1.1  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 200-300mm1.0 1.1 1.3  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 300-500mm1.2 1.3 1.5  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 500-750mm1.5 1.6 1.8  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width over 750mm1.4 1.5 1.7  m2/hr
 Walls, Construct Kickers5.3 7.1 10.0  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, 1.0-2.0m20.9 1.8 1.9  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, 2.0-5.0m21.0 2.2 2.5  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, over 5.0m21.2 2.5 2.9  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 1.0-3.0m21.0 1.4 2.0  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 3.0-5.0m21.9 2.3 3.3  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-10.0m22.3 2.8 3.5  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 10.0-15.0m23.2 4.5 4.0  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m23.8 4.8 5.4  m2/hr
 Ground Slabs1.0 1.5 1.8  m2/hr
 Columns, Construct Kickers, direct to slab3.2 4.1 5.4  no/hr
 Columns, Construct Kickers, suspended from soffit slab1.2 2.8 3.2  no/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa < 0.1m21.3 1.6 1.8  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa 0.1-0.4m21.8 2.1 2.4  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa over 0.4m22.0 2.3 2.5  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 1.5 x 1.5 x 9.0m high7.9 9.5 10.3  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 2.0 x 2.0 x 9.0m high6.9 7.5 8.3  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 2.0 x 4.0 x 9.0m high8.5 10.2 12.0  m2/hr
 Columns, Round Sides, Sacrificial Plastic Mould, 3.0-4.0m dia3.5 4.5 6.0  m2/hr
 Columns, Round Sides, Steel Mould, 3.0-4.0m dia5.2 6.5 7.5  m2/hr
 Columns, Sloping Column Heads, extra over rate–  2.5 3.5  hrs/no
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping0.7 0.8 1.0  m2/hr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing0.8 0.9 1.2  m2/hr
 Staircases, Wall Strings0.4 0.6 –   m2/hr
 Staircases, Open Strings0.7 0.8 –   m2/hr
 Staircases, Riser Boards fixed to strings–  2.5 2.8  m2/hr
 Staircases, Risers fixed to Strings–  2.3 2.6  m2/hr
 Waffle Flooring, 2.4m grid1.1 1.4 1.8  m2/hr
 Shaft Slip Forming–  300.0 500.0  mm/hr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays2.1 3.2 3.8  m2/hr
 Table Form, H-Frame Steel Falsework, 400m2 bays1.9 3.0 3.5  m2/hr
 Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one–  15.6 17.5  m2/hr
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck–  43.5 47.5  m2/hr
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs–  29.3 31.2  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, no perforations2.8 3.5 4.2  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations1.2 1.5 1.9  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations0.9 1.1 1.4  m2/hr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m27.6 8.2 9.1  no/hr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m23.1 3.9 4.5  no/hr
 Dummy Frames, under 3.0m24.5 6.2 7.1  no/hr
 Dummy Frames, over 3.0m23.1 3.7 4.5  no/hr

Scaffolding

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 2m lifts 11.1  11.9  12.5   m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, 5 Boards with 3m lifts 9.1  10.0  10.5   m run/hr
 Metal KwikStage, House Scaffold with 3 lifts 2.8  3.2  3.8   m run/hr
 Metal Tube and Fittings, 5-6 Boards wide 3.2  3.7  4.6   m run/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 50-250m3 10.6  12.5  18.5   m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, 250-1000m3 18.5  22.5  24.5   m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, over 1000m3 24.5  30.0  33.5   m3/hr
 Tube and Fitting Platforms, striking –   200.0  –    % x erect