Small or Deep Excavation

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 6.7  8.4  9.9   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 3.2  4.5  5.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 3.3  4.1  5.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Hard Ground 3.3  4.1  5.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 8.2  10.0  11.7   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 7.1  8.7  10.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 6.5  8.3  9.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 6.3  7.7  9.1   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 12.2  13.3  15.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 10.2  11.1  12.9   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 9.7  10.5  12.1   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Hard Ground 6.1  6.7  7.7   m3/hr

Spread and Level

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 13.9  20.4  25.0   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 7.6  9.5  12.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Gravel, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 14.2  20.4  25.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Gravel, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 7.6  10.2  12.8   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 12.7  18.4  23.2   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 6.9  8.9  11.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 11.6  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.8m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 6.3  8.2  10.4   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 23.8  28.5  35.7   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Sand/Soil, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 16.7  18.5  20.4   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Gravel, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 25.0  32.0  37.0   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Gravel, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 17.2  19.3  21.2   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 21.7  27.5  33.3   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 15.1  16.9  18.8   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 5-50m to stockpile 19.6  24.5  30.3   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, Boulder Clay, pushed 50-120m to stockpile 13.7  15.9  17.5   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Sand/Soil 18.6  28.5  38.5   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, over 200m2, Sand/Soil 24.4  37.2  50.0   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Gravel 18.9  28.6  38.4   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, over 200m2, Gravel 24.2  37.2  50.0   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Hardcore 15.8  23.5  31.2   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 19.2  29.6  40.0   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Boulder Clay 17.2  26.4  35.7   m3/hr
 Dozer, 0.6m3 bucket, over 200m2, Boulder Clay 22.2  33.8  45.4   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Sand/Soil 43.5  48.0  52.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Sand/Soil 55.5  61.1  66.7   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Gravel 43.8  48.3  52.9   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Gravel 55.5  61.1  66.7   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Hardcore 37.1  40.3  43.5   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Hardcore 47.6  51.6  55.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, 50-200m2, Boulder Clay 43.8  45.7  47.6   m3/hr
 Dozer, 1.2m3 bucket, over 200m2, Boulder Clay 55.6  59.1  62.5   m3/hr

Trench Excavation

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 5.6  7.1  8.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 4.8  6.1  7.3   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 4.8  6.1  7.1   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Hard Ground 9.7  5.4  6.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 20.5  25.0  29.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 18.2  22.2  26.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 17.0  20.0  23.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 26.0  28.6  33.1   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 26.3  28.6  33.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Hard Ground 22.7  25.0  28.8   m3/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 0.5-1.5m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.3  4.5  6.8   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, < 2.0m wide 3.0  4.2  6.5   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 3.0-4.5m deep, < 2.0m wide 2.7  4.0  6.0   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 0.5-1.5m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.6  7.1  8.8   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 1.5-3.0m deep, > 2.0m wide 6.2  6.7  9.2   m2/hr
 Excavate and Board Trench, 3.0-4.5m deep, > 2.0m wide 5.8  6.2  10.5   m2/hr

Basement Excavation

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Sand/Soil – Basement Works 6.4  8.0  9.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Gravel Beds – Basement Works 5.5  6.9  8.1   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk – Basement Works 5.2  6.5  7.9   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Hard Ground – Basement Works 4.7  5.9  8.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Sand/Soil – Basement Works 12.6  15.4  18.9   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds – Basement Works 11.7  14.3  16.7   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk – Basement Works 10.9  13.3  15.6   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground – Basement Works 9.7  11.8  14.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil – Basement Works 18.2  20.0  23.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds – Basement Works 16.5  18.1  20.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk – Basement Works 15.4  16.7  19.3   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Hard Ground – Basement Works 13.3  15.4  17.7   m3/hr

Bulk Excavation

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Sand/Soil –   15.0  20.0   %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Gravel –   33.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Clay/Chalk –   40.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Boulder Clay –   45.0  –    %
 Excavation Bulking Factor, Rock –   60.0  –    %
 Spoil Weight, Rock –   2.5  –    Tonnes/m3
 Spoil Weight, Concrete –   2.4  –    Tonnes/m3
 Spoil Weight, Landfill/CDG –   1.9  –    Tonnes/m3
 Spoil Weight, Sand –   1.8  –    Tonnes/m3
 Rail Mounted Grab, 2.0m3 bucket 2.4min lift cycle 30.0  48.0  59.0   m3/hr
 Crane Mounted Clamshell Grab, 2.0m3 bucket 2.9min lift cycle 25.0  33.0  41.0   m3/hr
 Crane Mounted Clamshell Grab, 2.5m3 bucket 2.9min lift cycle 34.0  42.0  52.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 6.9  8.7  10.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 23.4  28.6  33.4   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 45.5  50.0  58.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 5.6  7.1  8.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 20.5  25.0  29.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 36.8  40.0  46.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 5.6  7.1  8.3   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 20.5  25.0  28.7   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 37.0  40.0  46.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.3m3 bucket, Hard Ground 4.5  6.1  7.2   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.4m3 bucket, Hard Ground 17.9  22.2  25.0   m3/hr
 Hydraulic Excavator, 0.5m3 bucket, Hard Ground 25.7  28.6  32.9   m3/hr

Excavate and Remove

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 0.6m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 14.5  20.0  25.6   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 0.6m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 15.2  20.4  25.6   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 0.6m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 12.3  18.5  23.2   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 0.6m3 bucket, Boulder Clay 11.2  16.9  21.3   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 1.1m3 bucket, Sand/Soil 25.4  30.3  35.7   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 1.1m3 bucket, Gravel Beds 25.6  31.3  37.0   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 1.1m3 bucket, Clay/Chalk 22.5  27.8  33.3   m3/hr
 Excavate Spoil Heaps to Transport, 1.1m3 bucket, Boulder Clay 18.9  24.4  30.3   m3/hr
 Load Spoil to Barge, capacity 2,000m3 –   8.0  –    hrs
 Load Spoil to Barge, capacity 1,500m3 –   6.5  –    hrs
 Load Spoil to Barge, capacity 1,000m3 –   5.5  –    hrs
 Spoil conveyor, 600mm belt, 150m/min –   260.0  –    m3/hr

Dewatering

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
 Setup small 2 hole system 10.0  8.0  6.0   days
 Setup large 15 hole system –   21.0  –    days
 Calculate system times per pump –   2.5  –    days/pump
 Setup Recharge System –   3.5  –    days/pump

Pneumatic Hammer Excavation

 Pneumatic Hammer Bulk Excavation

* Production rates listed are based on 8-hr shift. The above figures are for general estimation purpose only and must not be used to guarantee any production figure to the customer. The actual working results may vary according to the quality and structure of the material to be broken, required degree of material size reduction, installation, condition of the carrier, conditions at the worksite, haulage of the broken material, skills of the operator etc.

Task / Description Slow   Ave   Fast    Units
Hammer (2,200lb – 1,000kg) – 315C Excavator        
   Non-Reinforced Concrete 150cu.yd – 115m3 200cu.yd – 153m3 375cu.yd – 287m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Reinforced Concrete 140cu.yd – 107m3 160cu.yd – 122m3 240cu.yd – 184m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Sedimentary Rock 165cu.yd – 126m3 200cu.yd – 153m3 300cu.yd – 229m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Volcanic Rock 75cu.yd  –   57m3 110cu.yd –   84m3 150cu.yd – 115m3  cu.yd & m3/8hr
 Hammer (3,740lb – 1,700kg) – 330C Excavator        
   Non-Reinforced Concrete 275cu.yd – 210m3 375cu.yd – 287m3  490cu.yd – 375m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Reinforced Concrete 200cu.yd – 153m3 150cu.yd – 115m3 350cu.yd – 268m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Sedimentary Rock 250cu.yd – 191m3 150cu.yd – 115m3 400cu.yd – 306m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Volcanic Rock 135cu.yd – 103m3 150cu.yd – 115M3 275cu.yd – 210m3 cu.yd & m3/8hr
 Hammer (6,946lb – 3,150kg) – 345C Excavator        
   Reinforced Concrete 300cu.yd – 229m3 385cu.yd – 295m3 850cu.yd – 650m3  cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Sedimentary Rock 350cu.yd – 268m3 440cu.yd – 337m3 900cu.yd – 688m3  cu.yd & m3/8hr
   Volcanic Rock 200cu.yd – 153m3 275cu.yd – 210m3 600cu.yd – 459m3  cu.yd & m3/8hr