Formwork Construction Man-hour Norms

Specification NotesDescription UnitTradesman HoursLabourer Hours
 • Constants assume five uses of formwork.    
 • Where the number of uses is less, the constants should be adjusted by percentage shown:    
 Four uses Add+2.5% 
 Three uses Add+6.0% 
 Two uses Add+12.5% 
 One use Add+20.0% 
 • Rates include fabrication, fixing in place and striking.    
Formwork to sides of Surface FinishUnitTradesman HoursLabourer Hours
 Column/pier foundationsF1m21.20 
 Strip footingF1m21.20 
 Attached beamF4m22.45 
 Lintels and beamsF4m23.50 
Formwork to soffit of     
 Suspended slabF4m22.35 
 Stairs and landingsF4m24.00 
Formwork to edges, vertical or horizontal     
 0-100mm highF4m0.75 
 100-200mm highF4m0.75 
 200-300mm highF4m1.00 
 Form groove, 25mm x 25mm m0.130.04
 Form rebate, 100mm x 50mm m0.20.07
Form hole/opening in concrete 100/200mm thick, size:     
 100mm x 100mm No0.240.08
 300mm x 300mm No0.40.14
 500mm x 500mm No0.60.2
Form hole/opening in concrete 200/300mm thick, size:     
 100mm x 100mm No0.30.1
 300mm x 300mm No0.50.17
 500mm x 500mm No0.650.22
Tube formers, cardboard, including stripping     
 300mm ID m0.950.32
 500mm ID m1.150.38
Spirally wound plastic tube, including stripping     
 300mm ID m1.000.34
 500mm ID m1.200.4

Formwork Production Rates

Task / DescriptionSlow  Ave  Fast   Units
 Pilecaps, < 0.7m20.9 1.6 2.0  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, 0.7-2.5m21.6 2.0 2.3  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, 2.5-3.0m22.0 2.3 2.5  m2/hr
 Pilecaps, > 3.0m22.3 2.5 3.1  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, < 0.7m21.1 1.7 1.8  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 0.7-1.5m21.7 1.8 2.5  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 1.5-3.0m21.8 2.5 2.6  m2/hr
 Ground Beams, 3.0-5.0m22.5 2.6 3.5  m2/hr
 Elevated Plain Slab Soffit0.6 0.8 1.2  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 100-200mm0.9 1.0 1.1  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 200-300mm1.0 1.1 1.3  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 300-500mm1.2 1.3 1.5  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width 500-750mm1.5 1.6 1.8  m2/hr
 Beams, on erected falsework, width over 750mm1.4 1.5 1.7  m2/hr
 Walls, Construct Kickers5.3 7.1 10.0  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, 1.0-2.0m20.9 1.8 1.9  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, 2.0-5.0m21.0 2.2 2.5  m2/hr
 Walls, Fully Framed Formwork/Struts, over 5.0m21.2 2.5 2.9  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 1.0-3.0m21.0 1.4 2.0  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 3.0-5.0m21.9 2.3 3.3  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 5.0-10.0m22.3 2.8 3.5  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, 10.0-15.0m23.2 4.5 4.0  m2/hr
 Walls, StoriForm Shutters, over 15.0m23.8 4.8 5.4  m2/hr
 Ground Slabs1.0 1.5 1.8  m2/hr
 Columns, Construct Kickers, direct to slab3.2 4.1 5.4  no/hr
 Columns, Construct Kickers, suspended from soffit slab1.2 2.8 3.2  no/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa < 0.1m21.3 1.6 1.8  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa 0.1-0.4m21.8 2.1 2.4  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Timber Clamp/Prop, csa over 0.4m22.0 2.3 2.5  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 1.5 x 1.5 x 9.0m high7.9 9.5 10.3  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 2.0 x 2.0 x 9.0m high6.9 7.5 8.3  m2/hr
 Columns, Square Sides, Steel Forms, 2.0 x 4.0 x 9.0m high8.5 10.2 12.0  m2/hr
 Columns, Round Sides, Sacrificial Plastic Mould, 3.0-4.0m dia3.5 4.5 6.0  m2/hr
 Columns, Round Sides, Steel Mould, 3.0-4.0m dia5.2 6.5 7.5  m2/hr
 Columns, Sloping Column Heads, extra over rate–  2.5 3.5  hrs/no
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Sloping0.7 0.8 1.0  m2/hr
 Staircases, Stair Soffit, Flat Landing0.8 0.9 1.2  m2/hr
 Staircases, Wall Strings0.4 0.6 –   m2/hr
 Staircases, Open Strings0.7 0.8 –   m2/hr
 Staircases, Riser Boards fixed to strings–  2.5 2.8  m2/hr
 Staircases, Risers fixed to Strings–  2.3 2.6  m2/hr
 Waffle Flooring, 2.4m grid1.1 1.4 1.8  m2/hr
 Shaft Slip Forming–  300.0 500.0  mm/hr
 Table Form, Aluminum System, 400m2 bays2.1 3.2 3.8  m2/hr
 Table Form, H-Frame Steel Falsework, 400m2 bays1.9 3.0 3.5  m2/hr
 Tunnel Forms, Wall and Slab poured as one–  15.6 17.5  m2/hr
 Hollorib Decking, lay deck–  43.5 47.5  m2/hr
 Hollorib Decking, shear connecting studs–  29.3 31.2  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, no perforations2.8 3.5 4.2  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, minor perforations1.2 1.5 1.9  m2/hr
 Stop Ends, dense perforations0.9 1.1 1.4  m2/hr
 Box Outs, 0.01-0.05m27.6 8.2 9.1  no/hr
 Box Outs, over 0.05m23.1 3.9 4.5  no/hr
 Dummy Frames, under 3.0m24.5 6.2 7.1  no/hr
 Dummy Frames, over 3.0m23.1 3.7 4.5  no/hr